Symptoms and treatments

What is ADHD?

ADHD stands for Attention Deficiency / Hyperactivity Disorder (DSM-5, Manual for the Classification of Psychological Disorders). There are various forms of ADHD: a Predominantly inattentive image, a Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive image and a Combined image (in which case both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsiveness are involved).

In the 1970s, scientists began to use the term ADHD as a collective term for complaints consisting of attention problems, hyperactivity and impulsiveness. These symptoms often start in childhood and can also lead to problems in adulthood. There are various treatment options, including medication, cognitive behavioural therapy and neurofeedback.


ADHD (Combined type)

The combined type of ADHD is characterized by a persistent pattern of inattention and hyperactivity and impulsiveness.


ADHD (Predominantly inattentive type)

The predominantly inattentive type of ADHD is characterized by a persistent pattern of inattention.


ADHD (Predominantly hyper-active-pulsive type)

The predominantly hyperactive-pulsive type of ADHD is characterized by a persistent pattern of hyperactivity and impulsiveness.

The symptoms are present for at least six months to an extent that does not correspond to the level of development and that has a negative influence on social and educational or professional activities. The symptoms are not due to other psychological disorders or environmental influences (e.g. reaction to problems in the family). Several symptoms were present before the 12th year.


Common symptoms of ADHD in children and/or adults

Easily distracted

Chaotic

Forgetfulness

Procrastination

Chronically late

Chronic boredom

Fear / Anxiety

Depression

Mood swings

Low self-esteem

Career problems

Restlessness

Excessive substance use or addiction

Relationship problems

Hyperfocus


Do you recognize yourself in the characteristics?

Are you looking for help for yourself or for your child?
Contact your local neuroCare clinic.


Children with ADHD

Children with ADHD are often full of energy, creative and inventive, curious, funny and socially sensitive. It is difficult for them to keep their attention on a subject that they find less interesting. They are easily distracted, impulsive, do not seem to listen, are chaotic and forgetful. Problems often occur when the child goes to school and has to function within a school system. Parents and teachers can play an important role in the early recognition of signals and characteristics of ADHD. Early diagnosis prevents the child from being over-asked and makes it easier to understand what the child needs in order to develop properly.


Adults with ADHD

More and more adults discover at a later age that they have symptoms of ADHD. The children who used to be labelled as ‘busy’, ‘inattentive’ or ‘dreamy’, appear to be better able to be diagnosed with the current developments. When these children have become adults, they often run into problems because of their ADHD. The condition is often more difficult to recognise because they have been using strategies for years to deal with their attention problems, hyperactivity and/or impulsiveness.

How common is ADHD?

ADHD is more common in children than in adults. Two-thirds of children diagnosed with ADHD before puberty have behavioural and emotional problems in their development into adulthood. Up to half of these adolescents still have symptoms of ADHD that persist into adulthood. Research shows that ADHD is more common in adult men than in women.



Why diagnose?

A diagnosis of ADHD can help both a child and an adult to see his or her problems in the right perspective. These people often have a negative image of themselves because of an accumulation of failures at school, in the social environment and in the work environment. Positive results can be achieved through correct diagnosis, recognition of the problem and the help of a specialised therapist.

Many people benefit from Neurofeedback in combination with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. Supplemented with psycho-education and coaching, this can provide a basis on which they can start building new success experiences.



ADHD treatment personalised to you


The concerns and possible causes are unique for everyone. That’s why we tailor the treatment to the client’s individual treatment needs, whether it’s a child or an adult.

We start with an intake interview after which we also conduct a quantitative EEG (QEEG) and neuropsychological examination of each client. The client then goes home with a special sleep watch that will measure the quality of sleep over a period of 7 days. The results of these different measurements give us insight into the underlying cause of the complaints. This allows us to create a tailor-made treatment that meets the personal needs of each client.


Learn more about neuroCare’s approach
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Advantages of Neurofeedback

  • minimal side effects, just some fatigue
  • active participation in training creates self-awareness and self-reliance
  • fast, intensive treatment period, usually completed within 2-3 months
  • sustainable treatment with long-term effects
  • improvement of sleep
  • 75% of the clients who have completed a full neuroCare programme have a clear reduction in ADD/ADHD symptoms (see Arns et al. 2012).

For whom is Neurofeedback suitable?

  • children from 6 years of age, adolescents and adults with attention problems, hyperactivity, impulsiveness and/or sleeping problems
  • diagnosis of ADHD is not necessary

I want to learn more about Neurofeedback



ADHD: After Diagnosis


Treatment can include education, medication, cognitive behavioural therapy, neurofeedback or a combination of these methods.

If a neurofeedback treatment is indicated, tele-neurofeedback can be considered. Tele-neurofeedback makes it possible to train clients at home in their own environment. The client sits down at his/her computer at home and starts the training via the internet while the therapist is watching from our practice and there is contact by phone. Where necessary, the client is immediately adjusted. The advantage of this form of therapy is that the client is not bound to visit our practice before every session. This often saves travel time and travel costs.
In consultation with your practitioner, we can check with you whether you are eligible for this.


Do you have any questions about ADHD or neurofeedback?

Find a location near you and get in touch

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